Observational Child Study 1

Anecdotal records are brief narrative accounts describing an incident of the child behavior that is important to the observer.

Anecdotes describe what happened in a factual objective manner telling how it happened when and where it happened and what was said and done.

Anecdotal records are written after the incident has occured, by someone who has witness it informally rather than during its occurence.

Anecdotal records are cumulative

An advantage of anecdotal recording is that an observer needs no special training to record.

RUNNING RECORDS

Running record is a detailed narrative account of beahvior recorded in sequential manner as it happens.

In running record, the observer sits or stands apart from the children and writes down everything that occurs to a particular child over a specified period.

The difference between an anecdotal record and a running record

runing record includes all behavior and not just selected incidents

running record is written as the behavior occurs

anecdotal record is written after the behavior occurs

anecdotal record selects incidents

An advantage of running record:

rich, complete record / open-ended / accurate /

disadvantage

time-consuming/ difficult to record everything / difficult with groups / observing must be of some distance

TIME SAMPLING

The observer records the frequency of a behavior’s occurence over time. The behavior must be overt and frequent to be a candidate for sampling.

The time needed for a behavior to be a candidate for sampling – at least once every 15 minutes

In time sampling, an observer simply records “1” after the interval if the behavior occurs and ___ if it does not — “0”

Duration recording indicates the presence or absence of a behavior while _______ shows the frequency of the behavior . \\\ event recording ,—- anecdotal recording, running record\\

 

Event sampling

The observer waits for and then record a specific preselected behavior.

USES

study the conditions under which a particular behavior occur

study the frequency of the behavior

what triggers the behavior

Event —or “unit of behavior”

The so-called ABS analysis is broken down into three parts, the A which stands for Antecedent, B is for behavior and C is ____.

An advantage of event sampling

kkeps the behavior intact\ more objective/ helpful in examining rarely occuring behaviors//disadvantage: closed method

 

Rating sclaes are observation tools that indicate the degree to which a person possesses a certain trait or behavior. Each behavior is rated on a continuum from the lowest to the highest level and is marked off at certain points along the scale.

Graphic Scale — horizontal or vertical drawing

Numerical scale-  also represented by words

Semantic differential – Osgood scale

The purpose of anecdotal recording is to detail specific behavior for child’s record. //wrong

To judge degree to which child behaves or possesses certain traits and to diagnoses behavior or traits.

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